Work in the collection: Lucio Fontana – Teatrino-Concetto spaziale, Perforated aluminium on cardboard, 1950, 49,5 x 49 cm.
The Italian avant-garde artist of the first post-war generation became famous for his sectional images. With his “Manifesto blanco”, the artist demanded a departure from conventional materials in art. In his later “Manifesto spaziale”, he assumed the end of all static artistic genres that were to be replaced by dynamic art. The work was to work solely from the viewer’s imagination, freeing it “from all painterly and propagandistic rhetoric”. Fontana implemented this new spatial concept by perforating pictures and thus achieving plasticity instead of a two-dimensional work. The perforated pattern was mostly created on monochrome pictures, which lacked a boundary of the surface. In both painting and sculpture, space was to be regarded as a “freely unfolding, unlimited continuum”. From then on the artist named his work “Concetto spaziale” (“spatial concept”). From 1950 his first “Buchi” (holes) were created. In these works he cut up the canvas. The picture carriers and thus the basic condition of traditional painting were destroyed. With his works he inspired the German artist group ZERO.
Born 1899 in Rosario, Argentinien; Died. 1968 in Comabbio, Italy
1905 Relocation to Milan
1914-1915 Studies at the building trade school in Milan with Dimplom degree
1922-1928 Return to Argentina, where he worked for a short time as an engineer and for a longer time as a sculptor in his father’s studio.
1928 Return to Italy, studies at the Accademia de Brera, Milan
1930 first solo exhibition in the “Galleria del Milione”, Milan, participation in the 17th Venice Biennale
1934 Joining the Paris artist group Abstraction-Création
1935 Beginning with ceramic works
1939 Branch office in Buenos Aires, teaching activity at the art school Altamira founded by him
1946 Initiator of the “Manifesto blanco” (“White Manifesto”), which took up the thoughts of futurism.
1947 Return to Milan
The first perforated canvases were created from the 1950s onwards.