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Sonia Delaunay

Sonia Delaunay, Composition, 1964, Farbradierung auf Papier, 34 x 28 cm © kunsthalle messmer / Steven van Veen, Schwanau

The Russian-born artist Sonia Delaunay was active as a painter and designer in Paris. Her early works were inspired by artists such as Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh. In Paris she met Robert Delaunay, an aspiring avant-garde artist, and married him. Both were intensively occupied with the representation of light and movement and they found a new form of artistic expression on the basis of simultaneous contrast. Together they founded Orphism, a variant of Cubism that contrasts pure music with pure painting. Sonia Delaunay explored the problems of colour, light and movement in her works on the basis of many case studies. The transfer of these artistic intentions to everyday culture, above all in fashion design, interior design and theatre, made Sonia Delaunay one of the most important representatives of the Art Deco movement.

Born 1885 Gradižsk, former Russian Empire
1903-1905  Studied drawing at the Karlsruhe Academy of Fine Arts
1908 Move to Paris
1910 Marriage with the painter Robert Delaunay
1912 Origin of Orphism
1914 Stays in Portugal and Madrid with her family
1937 Decoration of a pavilion at the Paris World Exhibition together with Robert Delaunay
1976 Legacy of her entire graphic work to the Centre Pompidou in Paris
1979 deceased Paris, France

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